Changes between Version 3 and Version 4 of TracRepositoryAdmin


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Timestamp:
Jun 27, 2018 1:17:52 PM (11 months ago)
Author:
trac
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  • TracRepositoryAdmin

    v3 v4  
    44== Quick start #QuickStart
    55
    6  * Manage repositories in the "Repository" admin panel, with `trac-admin` or in the `[repositories]` section of [wiki:TracIni#repositories-section trac.ini].
     6 * Enable the repository connector(s) for the version control system(s) that you will use.
     7 * Add repositories through the //Repositories// admin panel, with `trac-admin` or in the `[repositories]` section of [wiki:TracIni#repositories-section trac.ini].
    78 * Set up a call to `trac-admin $ENV changeset added $REPO $REV` in the post-commit hook of each repository. Additionally, add a call to `trac-admin $ENV changeset modified $REPO $REV` in the post-revprop-change hook of repositories allowing revision property changes.
    8  * Set the `[trac] repository_sync_per_request` option to an empty value to disable per-request syncing.
    9  * Make sure the user under which your Subversion hooks are run has write access to the Trac environment, or use a tool like `sudo` to temporarily elevate privileges.
     9 * Make sure the user under which your hooks are run has write access to the Trac environment, or use a tool like `sudo` to temporarily elevate privileges.
     10
     11== Enabling the components
     12
     13Support for version control systems is provided by optional components distributed with Trac, which are disabled by default //(since 1.0)//. Subversion and Git must be explicitly enabled if you wish to use them.
     14
     15The version control systems can be enabled by adding the following to the `[components]` section of your [TracIni#components-section trac.ini], or enabling the components in the //Plugins// admin panel.
     16
     17{{{#!ini
     18tracopt.versioncontrol.svn.* = enabled
     19}}}
     20
     21{{{#!ini
     22tracopt.versioncontrol.git.* = enabled
     23}}}
    1024
    1125== Specifying repositories #Repositories
    12 Starting with 0.12, Trac can handle more than one repository per environment. The pre-0.12 way of specifying the repository with the `repository_dir` and `repository_type` options in the `[trac]` section of [wiki:TracIni trac.ini] is still supported, but two new mechanisms allow including additional repositories into an environment.
    13 
    14 It is also possible to define aliases of repositories, that act as "pointers" to real repositories. This can be useful when renaming a repository, to avoid breaking all the links to the old name.
    15 
    16 A number of attributes can be associated with each repository, which define the repository's location, type, name and how it is displayed in the source browser. The following attributes are supported:
     26Trac supports multiple repositories per environment, and the repositories may be for different version control system types. Each repository must be defined in a repository configuration provider, the two supported by default are the [#ReposDatabase database store] and the [#ReposTracIni trac.ini configuration file]. A repository should not be defined in multiple configuration providers.
     27
     28It is possible to define aliases of repositories, that act as "pointers" to real repositories. This can be useful when renaming a repository, to avoid breaking links to the old name.
     29
     30A number of attributes can be associated with each repository. The attributes define the repository's location, type, name and how it is displayed in the source browser. The following attributes are supported:
    1731
    1832||='''Attribute''' =||='''Description''' =||
     
    2438||The `dir` attribute specifies the location of the repository in the filesystem. It corresponds to the value previously specified in the option `[trac] repository_dir`. The `alias` and `dir` attributes are mutually exclusive. ||
    2539||`hidden` ||When set to `true`, the repository is hidden from the repository index page in the source browser. Browsing the repository is still possible, and links referencing the repository remain valid. ||
     40||`sync_per_request`||When set to `true` the repository will be synced on every request. This is not recommended, instead a post-commit hook should be configured to provide [#ExplicitSync explicit synchronization] and `sync_per_request` should be set to `false`.||
    2641||`type` ||The `type` attribute sets the type of version control system used by the repository. Trac supports Subversion and Git out-of-the-box, and plugins add support for many other systems. If `type` is not specified, it defaults to the value of the `[trac] repository_type` option. ||
    2742||`url` ||The `url` attribute specifies the root URL to be used for checking out from the repository. When specified, a "Repository URL" link is added to the context navigation links in the source browser, that can be copied into the tool used for creating the working copy. ||
    2843
    2944A repository `name` and one of `alias` or `dir` attributes are mandatory. All others are optional.
     45
     46For some version control systems, it is possible to specify not only the path to the repository in the `dir` attribute, but also a ''scope'' within the repository. Trac will then only show information related to the files and changesets below that scope. The Subversion backend for Trac supports this. For other types, check the corresponding plugin's documentation.
    3047
    3148After adding a repository, the cache for that repository must be re-synchronized once with the `trac-admin $ENV repository resync` command.
     
    7996Note that the default repository has an empty name, so it will likely need to be quoted when running `trac-admin` from a shell. Alternatively, the name "`(default)`" can be used instead, for example when running `trac-admin` in interactive mode.
    8097
     98== Repository caching
     99
     100The Subversion and Git repository connectors support caching, which improves the performance browsing the repository, viewing logs and viewing changesets. Cached repositories must be [#Synchronization synchronized]; either explicit or implicit synchronization can be used. When searching changesets, only cached repositories are searched.
     101
     102Subversion repositories are cached unless the type is `direct-svnfs`. Git repositories are cached when `[git]` [wiki:TracIni#git-section cached_repository] is `true`.
    81103
    82104== Repository synchronization #Synchronization
     
    89111
    90112=== Explicit synchronization #ExplicitSync
    91 This is the preferred method of repository synchronization. It requires setting the `[trac]  repository_sync_per_request` option in [wiki:TracIni#trac-section trac.ini] to an empty value, and adding a call to `trac-admin` in the `post-commit` hook of each repository. Additionally, if a repository allows changing revision metadata, a call to `trac-admin` must be added to the `post-revprop-change` hook as well.
     113This is the preferred method of repository synchronization. It requires setting the `sync_per_request` attribute to `false`, and adding a call to `trac-admin` in the `post-commit` hook of each repository. Additionally, if a repository allows changing revision metadata, a call to `trac-admin` must be added to the `post-revprop-change` hook as well.
    92114
    93115 `changeset added <repos> <rev> [...]`::
     
    102124
    103125==== Subversion
     126
     127===== Using `trac-svn-hook`
     128
     129In a Unix environment, the simplest way to configure explicit synchronization is by using the [trac:source:trunk/contrib/trac-svn-hook contrib/trac-svn-hook] script. `trac-svn-hook` starts `trac-admin` asynchronously to avoid slowing the commit and log editing operations. The script comes with a number of safety checks and usage advice. Output is written to a log file with prefix `svn-hooks-` in the environment `log` directory, which can make configuration issues easier to debug.
     130
     131There's no equivalent `trac-svn-hook.bat` for Windows yet, but the script can be run by Cygwin's bash.
     132
     133Follow the help in the documentation header of the script to configure `trac-svn-hook`. Configuring the hook environment variables is made easier in Subversion 1.8 by using the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/en/1.8/svn.reposadmin.create.html#svn.reposadmin.hooks.configuration hook script environment] configuration. Rather than directly editing `trac-svn-hook` to set the environment variables, they can be configured through the repository `conf/hooks-env` file. Replace the [trac:source:trunk/contrib/trac-svn-hook@:65-67#L61 configuration section] with:
     134{{{#!bash
     135export PATH=$PYTHON_BIN:$PATH
     136export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$PYTHON_LIB:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
     137}}}
     138and set the variables `TRAC_ENV`, `PYTHON_BIN` and `PYTHON_LIB` in the `hooks-env` file. Here is an example, using a Python virtual environment at `/usr/local/venv`:
     139{{{#!ini
     140[default]
     141TRAC_ENV=/var/trac/project-1
     142PYTHON_BIN=/usr/local/venv/bin
     143PYTHON_LIB=/usr/local/venv/lib
     144}}}
     145
     146===== Writing Your Own Hook Script
    104147
    105148The following examples are complete post-commit and post-revprop-change scripts for Subversion. They should be edited for the specific environment, marked executable (where applicable) and placed in the `hooks` directory of each repository. On Unix (`post-commit`):
     
    128171The Unix variants above assume that the user running the Subversion commit has write access to the Trac environment, which is the case in the standard configuration where both the repository and Trac are served by the web server. If you access the repository through another means, for example `svn+ssh://`, you may have to run `trac-admin` with different privileges, for example by using `sudo`.
    129172
    130 Note that calling `trac-admin` in your Subversion hooks can slow down the commit and log editing operations on the client side. You might want to use the [trac:source:trunk/contrib/trac-svn-hook contrib/trac-svn-hook] script which starts `trac-admin` in an asynchronous way. The script also comes with a number of safety checks and usage advices which should make it easier to set up and test your hooks. There's no equivalent `trac-svn-hook.bat` for Windows yet, but the script can be run by Cygwin's bash.
    131 
    132 See the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/en/1.5/svn.reposadmin.create.html#svn.reposadmin.create.hooks section about hooks] in the Subversion book for more information. Other repository types will require different hook setups.
     173See the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/en/1.7/svn.reposadmin.create.html#svn.reposadmin.create.hooks section about hooks] in the Subversion book for more information. Other repository types will require different hook setups.
    133174
    134175==== Git
     
    144185{{{#!sh
    145186#!/bin/sh
     187tracenv=/path/to/env     # change with your Trac environment's path
     188repos=                   # change with your repository's name
    146189while read oldrev newrev refname; do
    147         git rev-list --reverse $newrev ^$oldrev  | \
    148         while read rev; do
    149                 trac-admin /path/to/env changeset added <repos> $rev
    150         done
     190    if [ "$oldrev" = 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 ]; then
     191        git rev-list --reverse "$newrev" --
     192    else
     193        git rev-list --reverse "$newrev" "^$oldrev" --
     194    fi | xargs trac-admin "$tracenv" changeset added "$repos"
    151195done
    152196}}}
     
    173217
    174218=== Per-request synchronization #PerRequestSync
    175 If the post-commit hooks are not available, the environment can be set up for per-request synchronization. In that case, the `[trac] repository_sync_per_request` option in [wiki:TracIni#trac-section trac.ini] must be set to a comma-separated list of repository names to be synchronized.
     219If the post-commit hooks are not available, the environment can be set up for per-request synchronization. In that case, the `sync_per_request` attribute for each repository in the database and in [wiki:TracIni#trac-section trac.ini] must be set to `false`.
    176220
    177221Note that in this case, the changeset listener extension point is not called, and therefore plugins using it will not work correctly.
    178 
    179222
    180223== Automatic changeset references in tickets
     
    190233For more information, see the documentation of the `CommitTicketUpdater` component in the //Plugins// admin panel and the [trac:CommitTicketUpdater] page.
    191234
    192 == Migration from a single-repository setup (Subversion) #Migration
    193 The following procedure illustrates a typical migration from a Subversion single-repository setup to multiple repositories.
    194 
    195  1. Remove the default repository specification from the `[trac] repository_dir` option.
    196  1. Add the main repository as a named repository.
    197  1. Re-synchronize the main repository.
    198  1. Set up post-commit and post-revprop-change hooks on the "main" repository, and set `[trac] repository_sync_per_request` to an empty value.
    199  1. Add an alias to the main repository as the default repository (by leaving out the the `name`, e.g. `.alias = main`). This ensures that all links predating the migration still resolve to the main repository.
    200  1. Repeat steps 2, 3 and 4 to add other "named" repositories as needed.
    201 
    202 == Migration from a single-repository setup (Mercurial) #MigrationMercurial
    203 The following procedure illustrates a typical migration from a Mercurial single-repository setup to multiple repositories. Please note that at the time of writing, no initial resynchronization or any hooks are necessary for Mercurial repositories - see [trac:ticket:9485 #9485] for more information.
    204 
    205  1. Upgrade to the latest version of the [trac:TracMercurial] plugin.
    206  1. Remove the default repository specification from the `[trac] repository_dir` option.
    207  1. Add the main repository as a named repository.
    208  1. Add an alias to the main repository as the default repository (by leaving out the the `name`, e.g. `.alias = main`). This ensures that all links predating the migration still resolve to the main repository.
    209  1. Repeat step 3 to add other "named" repositories as needed.
    210 
    211235== Troubleshooting
    212236
     
    214238
    215239You must now use the optional components from `tracopt.ticket.commit_updater.*`, which you can activate through the Plugins panel in the Administrative part of the web interface, or by directly modifying the [TracIni#components-section "[components]"] section in the trac.ini. Be sure to use [#ExplicitSync explicit synchronization] as explained above.
     240
     241See [trac:CommitTicketUpdater#Troubleshooting] for more troubleshooting tips.